Introduction:- With the widespread usage of IT, computers, mobile phone, internet and other components of ICT Technologies, there is an increase in misuse of cyber crimes.The Internet is easy to use and fastest mode of communication. Cyber crimes such as spreading the computer virus, hacking, online frauds, e-mail spam mil. IT act in India was finally a form of articulated IT act 2000. In the Year 2000. And modify in 2008.
Define the terms Moral, Ethics, and Law:–
Moral- 1) Moral refers to the generally accepted standards of right or wrong in a society.
2) Moral refers to the standards of right conduct and the judgment of particular actions as right or wrong by those standards.
3) Moral theory is a set of moral principals which systematically links moral beliefs to one other.
Ethics:- 1) Ethics deals with the determination of what is right or wrong and doing the right thing. Ten Code of Ethics.
2) Ethics include the fundamental ground rules which we follow in our life.
3) Ethics state that allows each person to take free and autonomous choice which is unaffected by outside authority.
4) Ethics gives justice to each person according to individual effort.
Law:- 1) Law indicates rules and regulations to be obeyed in the organization.
2) Once the law is implemented in the organization then it is binding to the employees follows it.
3) Laws are rules in written format and governed by authority.
Ethics for computer users
1) All the computer users have the responsibility to use a computer system with an effective, efficient, ethical and lawful manner.
2) The responsibility of computer users towards the profession, organization, and society is discussed by following points.
I) Software piracy
a) software piracy is an unauthorized duplication, distribution, and use of computer software.
b) for example making more copies of software than the license copies.
c) When software is pirated, consumers and software developers are harmed.Consumers have the risk of viruses having computed diskettes and defective software.
d) with the pirated software, consumers cannot enjoy the full benefit of the software package.
II) Unauthorized Access.
Many people when not authorized, try to access information becomes unauthorized access. In Information technology, everyone has right to access the data but up to the limited extent and from the authentic source. Unauthorized access can be categorized as-
- Intentional damage to equipment, software or data of other users.
- Unauthorized monitoring of electronic communication.
- Unauthorized copying of copyrighted material.
- Unauthorized use of computer accounts or user id.
- Attempt to guess or break another user’s password.
- Change private files.
- Unauthorized change of software.
- Attempt to login computers external to its network.
Ethics For software professional/computer professional
Computer professionals are engaged in software developing, so they must follow following ethics in their behavior
- Professional Standards.
- Professional Responsibility.
- Programmer’s liability.
I) Professional Standards:-
- Contribute to society and human welfare.
- Computer professionals try to maintain the expected standard in their software.
- Computer professionals must prove and test the standard practice.
- Avoid harm to other
- They should be honest and trustworthy.
- Honor property rights including copyright and patent
II) Professional Responsibility:-
- Privacy- Computer professionals must strive continuously to honor the rights to the privacy of all individual. They should try to protect the data from unauthorized access.
- Data Confidentiality:- computer professionals should hold the responsibility of trust. contents of information must be disclosed only to the concerned authority.
- Stop Data Misuse:- Computer professionals should not use personal information obtained for one purpose for another purpose without informed consent.
- Promote data integrity:- Computer professionals should ensure accuracy, reliability, and completeness of personal information.
- Allow data inspection:- Computer professional should follow the standard method of record.
- To achieve the highest quality of the product :- The computer professional must strive to achieve the best quality of their work.
- Know and respect existing laws;- Programmers must obey local, national, international laws while developing their software.
- A programmer should be aware of defects in the program
- A programmer should have the good intention of development of the program for the solution of a problem.
- If required programmer should seek help from an appropriate expert at the appropriate time.